An inter­view with

Françoise Pommaret

Pos­i­tion & Affil­i­ation: Dir­ect­or of Research in Par­is at the Centre nation­al de la recher­che sci­en­ti­fique (CNRS)
Date: July 17, 2019 in Par­is, France // Janu­ary 18, 2020 in Lon­don, United Kingdom
Inter­viewed by: Anna Sehnalova

Cite this archive

Oral His­tory of Tibetan Stud­ies. (2021, Decem­ber 2). An inter­view with Françoise Pom­maret. Retrieved 27 Novem­ber 2022, from https://oralhistory.iats.info/interviews/francoise-pommaret/.
“An inter­view with Françoise Pom­maret.” Oral His­tory of Tibetan Stud­ies, 2 Dec. 2021, https://oralhistory.iats.info/interviews/francoise-pommaret/.
Oral His­tory of Tibetan Stud­ies. 2021. An inter­view with Françoise Pom­maret. [online], Avail­able at: https://oralhistory.iats.info/interviews/francoise-pommaret/ [Accessed 27 Novem­ber 2022]
Oral His­tory of Tibetan Stud­ies. “An inter­view with Françoise Pom­maret.” 2021, Decem­ber 2. https://oralhistory.iats.info/interviews/francoise-pommaret/.

Timestamps:

Timestamps:

Additional info

Pub­lic­a­tions

1‑Publications primaires

a) Ouv­rages 1982: Thim­phu Tshechu Fest­iv­al, Dept of Tour­ism, Bhoutan (sous le pseud­onyme de Tashi Wangmo).

1983: Paro Tshechu Fest­iv­al, Dpt of Tour­ism, Bhoutan (sous le pseud­onyme de Tashi Wangmo).

1986:

Wang­di­phodrang fest­iv­al, Dpt of Tour­ism, Bhoutan. Jampey Lhakhang fest­iv­al, Dpt of Tour­ism, Bhoutan.

1989:

Carte his­torique du Bhoutan (en col­lab­or­a­tion avec le Ser­vice Géo­graph­ique et le Departe­ment de l’E­du­ca­tion du Bhoutan).

Les reven­ants de l’au-delà dans le monde tibé­tain, Edi­tions du CNRS, Par­is. Prix Delalande Guérineau 1990 de l’Académie des Inscrip­tions et Belles-Lettres.

1997 Bhutan: Moun­­­tain-fort­ress of the Gods, C. Schickl­gruber & F. Pom­maret (eds.), Ser­in­dia, London.

1998 Les reven­ants de l’au-delà dans le monde tibé­tain, Edi­tions du CNRS, Par­is, (réed.). 1998 Bhutan: encuen­tro con los dioses en el Him­alaya, Fun­dacio “La Caixa”, Barcelona.

2010 Les reven­ants de l’au-delà dans le monde tibé­tain, Edi­tions du CNRS, Par­is, (réed.).

2014 Par­lons Dzongkha, avec George Van Driem et Karma Tsh­er­ing, Par­is: l’Harmattan.

b) Art­icles:

1980: “The con­struc­tion of Ladakhi houses in the Indus Val­ley” in Tibetan stud­ies in hon­our of Hugh Richard­son, Aris and Philips, Warmin­ster, 249–255.

1983: “Aus­pi­cious sym­bols and lumin­ous col­ours: the art and archi­tec­ture of Bhutan” in Asi­an Cul­ture, Bul­let­in of the Asi­an Cul­tur­al Centre for UNESCO, n° 35, 30–35.

1987: “Le mon­astère de gTam zhing (Tam­sh­ing) au Bhoutan cent­ral” in Arts Asi­atiques, tome XLII, 1987, 19–30 (en col­lab­or­a­tion avec Y. Imaeda).

1989: “A rain­bow of col­ours. Notes on the sym­bol­ism of col­ours in Bhutan”, in Asi­an Pacific Cul­ture, Tokyo, 1989, 7–9 (en col­lab­or­a­tion avec Mynak Rinpoche).

1990: “Note sur la situ­ation lin­guistique du Bhoutan et étude prélim­in­aire des ter­mes de par­enté” in Indo-Tibetan Stud­ies, Lon­don, 1990, 115–127 (en col­lab­or­a­tion avec Y. Imaeda). 1992 “Les reven­ants de l’au-delà (‘das log): sources lit­téraires et tra­di­tion vivante, une première présent­a­tion”, in Tibetan Stud­ies: Pro­ceed­ings of the 5th Sem­in­ar of the Inter­na­tion­al Asso­ci­ation for Tibetan Stud­ies, Nar­ita 1989, Nar­itas­an Shin­shoji, 1992 vol. 2, 673- 686. “Intro­duc­tion to the interest and prob­lems of Bhu­tanese icon­o­graphy” in Buddhist Stud­ies: Present and Future, UNESCO, Par­is, 1992, 46–49.

1994

- “Les fêtes aux divin­ités-montagnes Phyva au Bhoutan de l’Est”, in Tibetan stud­ies: Pro­ceed­ings of the 6th Sem­in­ar of the Inter­na­tion­al asso­ci­ation for Tibetan Stud­ies Fagernes 1992, The Insti­tute for com­par­at­ive research in human cul­ture, Oslo, 1994, vol. 2, 660–669.

- “Tex­tiles of Bhutan: way of life and sym­bol of iden­tity” in Bhutan: aspects of cul­ture and devel­op­ment, M. Hutt & M. Aris (eds), Kiscadale Asia Research series n°5, Gart­more, 1994, 173–189.

-” ‘Entrance-keep­­ers of a hid­den coun­try’: Pre­lim­in­ary notes on the Monpa of south-cent­ral Bhutan”, in Tibet Journ­al, Spe­cial issue: Power­ful places and spaces in Tibetan reli­gious cul­ture (ed.) T. Huber, vol.19, n°3, 1994, New-Del­hi, 46–62.

1994 “Bhutan and its neigh­bors” avec Diana K. Myers in From the Land of the Thun­der Dragon: Tex­tile Arts of Bhutan, Ser­in­dia — Peabody Essex Museum, Lon­­don-Salem, 1994 (Eds. D.K. Myers, M. Aris & S. Bean) 47–70.

1994 “The fab­ric of Life in Bhutan (avec Diana K. Myers) in From the Land of the Thun­der Dragon: Tex­tile Arts of Bhutan, Ser­in­dia — Peabody Essex Museum, Lon­­don-Salem, 1994 (Eds. D.K. Myers, M. Aris & S. Bean) 71–80.

1994 “Cut and Stitched: Tex­tiles made by men” (avec Diana K. Myers) in From the Land of the Thun­der Dragon: Tex­tile Arts of Bhutan, Ser­in­dia — Peabody Essex Museum, Lon­­don-Salem, 1994 (Eds. D.K. Myers, M. Aris & S. Bean) 143–166.

1996 “On loc­al and moun­tain deit­ies in Bhutan”, in Reflec­tions of the Moun­tain: Essays on the his­tory and social mean­ing of the moun­tain cult in Tibet and the Him­alaya, A.M. Blon­deau & E. Steinkell­ner (eds), Öster­reichis­che Akademie der Wis­senschaften, Wien, 1996, 39–56.

1997

- “Notes on the Styl­ist­ic & His­tor­ic­al con­nec­tions between Bhutan & South­ern Tibet”, in Tibetan Art: Towards a defin­i­tion of style (Jane Casey Sing­er & Philip Den­wood, eds.), Lon­don, Laurence King pub­lish­ing, 1997, 210–220.

- “Le pilier/mégalithe de Nabji: un lieu surdéter­miné du Bhoutan cent­ral” in Les Hab­it­ants du Toit du Monde: Hom­mage à Alex­an­der W. Mac­don­ald, Samten Karmay & Phil­ippe Sag­ant (eds.), Société d’Eth­no­lo­gie, Nan­terre, 1997, 391–418.

- “Eth­nic Mosa­ic: the Peoples of Bhutan”, in Bhutan: Moun­­­tain-fort­ress of the Gods, C. Schickl­gruber & F. Pom­maret (eds.), Ser­in­dia, Lon­don, 1997, 43–59.

- “The Birth of a nation”, in Bhutan: Moun­­­tain-fort­ress of the Gods, C. Schickl­gruber & F. Pom­maret (eds.), Ser­in­dia, Lon­don, 1997, 179–208.

- “The Way to the throne”, in Bhutan: Moun­­­tain-fort­ress of the Gods, C. Schickl­gruber & F. Pom­maret (eds.), Ser­in­dia, Lon­don, 1997, 209– 235.

1998

- “Maîtres des trésors” (gTer bdag): Divin­ités loc­ales et médi­ums au Bhoutan”, in Tibetan Moun­tain Deit­ies, their cults and rep­res­ent­a­tions, Pro­ceed­ings of the 8th IATS con­fer­ence Graz, A.M. Blon­deau (ed.), Öster­reichis­che Akademie der Wis­senschaften, Wien, vol.6, 1998, 79–98.

- “Bhutan: una presenta­cion”, Bhutan: encuen­tro con los dioses en el Him­alaya, Fun­dacio “La Caixa”, Bar­celona, 1998, 17–31.

- “Un repaso his­torico”, Bhutan: encuen­tro con los dioses en el Him­alaya, Fun­dacio “La Caixa”, Bar­celona, 1998, 33–49

- “El Arte de Bhutan”, Bhutan: encuen­tro con los dioses en el Him­alaya, Fun­dacio “La Caixa”, Bar­celona, 1998, 67–87.

1999

- “Tra­di­tion­al Val­ues, new trends”, Bhutan: a fort­ress at the edge of time ?, Selec­ted Papers of the Bhutan Sem­in­ar 1998, Vienna: VIDC-Aus­­tri­an Devel­op­ment Cooper­a­tion, 1999, 13–26.

- “The Mon pa revis­ited: in search of Mon”, in Sac­red Spaces and Power­ful Places in Tibetan cul­ture, Toni Huber (ed.), Dharam­sala: Tibetan Lib­rary of Works and Archives, 1999: 52–73.

- “Notes sur le négoce entre le Bhoutan, le Ben­gale et l’As­sam”, in Journ­al Asi­atique, 1999, 287.1, 285–303.

2000 — “Rouge est le Sang: Le Bétel au Bhoutan”, Opi­ums: les plantes du plaisir et de la con­vi­vi­al­ité en Asie, P. Le Failler & A. Hubert (eds), l’Har­mat­tan, Par­is 2000, 25–38.

- “Ancient Trade Part­ners: Bhutan, Cooch Bihar and Assam (17 th to 19 th cen­tur­ies)”, in

Journ­al of Bhutan Stud­ies, vol. 2 n°1, Cen­ter for Bhutan Stud­ies, Thim­phu, sum­mer 2000, 3053 (tra­duc­tion révisée et aug­mentée de l’article paru dans le Journ­al Asi­atique 1999).

- “Recent Bhu­tanese schol­ar­ship in His­tory and Anthro­po­logy”, in Journ­al of Bhutan Stud­ies: Spe­cial issue on the Bhutan pan­el of the European South Asi­an Mod­ern Stud­ies Con­fer­ence Edin­burgh Uni­ver­sity 2000, Centre for Bhutan stud­ies, Thim­phu, vol.3 n° 2, Winter 2000, 139 ‑163.

2001

- “Bhu­tanese stu­dents’ dis­cov­ery of field­work: cul­ture shock and iden­tity”, in The Pan­dita and the Siddha. Tibetan Stud­ies in Hon­our of E. Gene Smith, R. Prats & D. Jack­son (eds.), 2001, en CD rom.

- “Bhoutan: une fort­resse au bord du temps ? valeurs tra­di­tion­nelles et ori­ent­a­tions nou­velles” in Rup­tures ou muta­tions au tournant du XXIe siècle. Change­ments de géo­graph­ie men­tale ? Rita Rég­ni­er ed.), l’Har­mat­tan Col­lec­tion Euras­ie n°10, Par­is, 2001, 91–107.

2002

- “La danse des ‘Huit Catégor­ies de Dieux et Démons’ au Bhoutan”, in K. Buf­fet­rille & H. Diem­ber­ger (eds.), Ter­rit­ory and Iden­tity in Tibet and the Him­alay­as, Tibetan Stud­ies in hon­our of Anne-Mar­ie Blon­deau, Pro­ceed­ings of the 9 th IATS, Ley­den, Brill, Leiden 2002, 159–178.

- “Weav­ing hid­den threads: Some ethno-his­t­or­ic­al clues on the artist­ic affin­it­ies between East­ern Bhutan and Arunach­al Pra­desh”, The Tibet Journ­al, E. Lo Bue (ed.), vol.XXVII n°1&2, Spring & Sum­mer 2002, Dharam­sala, 177–196.

2003

- “Etres sou­mis, Etres pro­tec­teurs: Pad­masambhava et les Huit Catégor­ies de Dieux et

Démons au Bhoutan”, in Revue d’Et­udes Tibé­taines n°2, Revue élec­tro­nique de l’UMR 8047, CNRS, Par­is, Avril 2003, 40–66. En ligne sur www.digitalhimalaya.com

-“His­tor­ic­al and reli­gious rela­tions between Lhodrak (South­ern Tibet) and Bumthang

(Bhutan) from the 18th to the early 20th cen­tury: Pre­lim­in­ary data”, in A. McKay (ed.), Tibet and her neigh­bours. Pro­ceed­ings of the His­tory of Tibet Con­fer­ence St Andrews Uni­ver­sity 2001, Hans­jörg May­er, Lon­don, 91–106.

- “Buddhist mon­as­ter­ies in Tibet” in P. Pichard and F. Lagir­arde (eds.), The Buddhist Mon­as­tery. A cross-cul­tur­al leg­acy. EFEO, Par­is, 2003, 283–304.

2004

- “The fas­cin­at­ing life of Lama Changchub Tsön­gru (1817–1856) accord­ing to his bio­graphy” in K. Ura & S. Kinga (eds.), The Spider and the Pig­let. Pro­ceed­ings of the 1st Inter­na­tion­al sem­in­ar on Bhu­tanese Stud­ies 2003, Thim­phu: Centre for Bhutan Stud­ies, 73–89.

-“Yul and Yul lha: the ter­rit­ory and its deity in Bhutan”, in Bul­let­in of Tibet­o­logy, Gang­tok: Namgy­al Insti­tute of Tibet­o­logy, vol 40 (1) May 2004. Vol 40 no 1, 39–67.

- “Rituels non-bouddhiques de Kheng ‘Bu li (Bhoutan)”, Pro­ceed­ings of the 8 th IATS sem­in­ar Bloom­ing­ton 1998, in Revue d’Et­udes tibé­taines (RET) n°6, Octobre 2004, 60–77.

2006

- “La dernière frontière him­alay­enne: Evangél­istes et tent­at­ive de col­on­isa­tion des âmes”, in Reli­gion et poli­tique en Asie, J. Lager­wey (ed.), Les Indes Sav­antes, Par­is, 2006, 133–156.

- “Dances in Bhutan. A tra­di­tion­al medi­um of inform­a­tion”, Journ­al of Bhutan Stud­ies, vol.14 sum­mer 2006, 26–35. Avail­able online at www.bhutanstudies.org.bt

2007

-“Estate and deit­ies: A ritu­al from cent­ral Bhutan. The bskang gso of O rgy­an chos gling” in J. Ardussi & F. Pom­maret (eds), Bhutan. Tra­di­tions and changes. Pro­ceed­ings of the XIth IATS Oxford 2003, Brill, Leiden, 2007. 135–158.

- “Recov­er­ing iden­tity: Stu­dents’ field­work in Bhutan”, in Ramon N. Prats (ed.), The Pan­dita and the Siddha, Tibetan Stud­ies in Hon­our of E. Gene Smith, Amnye Machen Insti­tute, Dharam­sala, 2007, 210–217.

- Reprint “Dances in Bhutan. A tra­di­tion­al medi­um of inform­a­tion”, in Media & pub­lic cul­ture. Pro­ceed­ings of the 2nd Inter­na­tion­al Sem­in­ar on Bhutan stud­ies CBS, Thim­phu, 2007, 31–39.

2008

- Pre­face. “Hold­ing the name high”, in Revue d’Etudes Tibé­taines — numéro 14 — Octobre 2008 TIBETAN STUDIES IN HONOR OF SAMTEN KARMAY, Part I — His­tor­ic­al, Cul­tur­al and Lin­guist­ic Stud­ies Edited by Françoise Pom­maret and Jean-Luc Achard, iii‑v. http://www.digitalhimalaya.com/collections/journals/ret/index.php?selection=13

- “The Messed Up Books”(Pecha trok wa la). A per­son­al recol­lec­tion of Samten G. Karmay and the O rgy­an chos gling cata­logue (Bhutan), in Revue d’Etudes Tibé­taines — numéro 14 — Octobre 2008 TIBETAN STUDIES IN HONOR OF SAMTEN KARMAY, Part I — His­tor­ic­al, Cul­tur­al and Lin­guist­ic Stud­ies Edited by Françoise Pom­maret and Jean-Luc Achard, 7–12. http://www.digitalhimalaya.com/collections/journals/ret/index.php?selection=13

-“Pro­tect­ors of Bhutan. The role of Guru Rinpoche and the Eight Cat­egor­ies of Gods and Demons (lHa srin sde brgy­ad)”, in John Ardussi & Sonam Tobgay (eds.), Writ­ten Treas­ures of Bhutan. Mir­ror of the past and bridge to the future. Pro­ceed­ings of the First inter­na­tion­al Con­fer­ence on the rich scrip­tur­al her­it­age of Bhutan, Nation­al Lib­rary of Bhutan, Thim­phu, 2008, 305–340.

2009 — “Bon and chos, com­munity rituals in Bhutan”, in Ant­o­nio Ter­rone & Sarah Jac­oby (eds.) Buddhism Bey­ond the Mon­as­tery, Pro­ceed­ings of the Xth IATS Oxford 2003, Brill. Leiden, 2009, 111–144.

2010 — “Encounter with a dream. Per­form­ing a ritu­al: Bhu­tanese pil­grims in Tibet” in Jose Cabezon (ed.) Tibetan Ritu­al, Pro­ceed­ings of the Santa Bar­bara Sem­in­ar May 2007, OUP, New York , 2010, 249–261.

- “Note on the palaces and man­sions of Bhutan” in J‑L Achard (ed.) Etudes tibé­taines en l’hon­neur d’ Anne Chayet, EPHE-Droz, Par­is, 205–216.

2011 (avec Tashi Tobgay) “Bhutan’s per­vas­ive phal­lus: Is Drukpa Kun­ley really respons­ible?”, in Alex McKay & Anna Balikci-Den­­jongpa (eds.), Buddhist Him­alaya: Stud­ies in reli­gion, his­tory and cul­ture. Pro­ceed­ings of the Golden Jubilee con­fer­ence of the Namgy­al Insti­tute of

tibet­o­logy Gang­tok, 2008, Vol. 1: Tibet and the Him­alaya. Namgy­al Insti­tute, Gang­tok, 2011, 59–76

Reflec­tions on the Role of Uni­ver­sity Research ( ) in the Bhu­tanese Con­text”, Journ­al of Bhutan Research and Devel­op­ment, vol.1 n°1 Thim­phu: RUB, 2012, 61–68.

Delok (‘Das log) women on the fringes of Buddhism”, in SSEASR (South & South­east Asia cul­ture and reli­gion ) Journ­al, vol VI 2012, 56–64.

2012 “The Mas­ters go west. A story of Buddhis­m’s adapt­a­tion to “new fields”” in Dasho Karma Ura & Dendup Chophel (eds.) Buddhism Without Bor­ders. Pro­ceed­ings of the Inter­na­tion­al Con­fer­ence on Glob­al­ized Buddhism, Thim­phu: CBS, 2012, 89–96.

2014 — “Bon in Bhutan.What is in the name?” in Kuma­gai Seiji (ed.) Bhu­tanese Buddhism and Its Cul­ture. Kath­mandu: Vajra Pub­lic­a­tions. 113–126.

2015

- “Note on Tsha chu. The thera­peut­ic hot springs of Bhutan” in Ulrike Roesler & Charles Ramble (eds.) Tibetan and Him­alay­an Heal­ing: an Antho­logy for Anthony Aris. Kath­mandu: Vajra Pub­lic­a­tions, 2015, 543–546.

- “Men have titles, women have prop­erty. Note on the his­tory of Wang­du Chol­ing, Bumthang, Bhutan” in Hanna Havnevik & Charles Ramble (eds.) From Bhakti to Bon. Fest­s­chrift for Per Kvaerne.Oslo: the Insti­tute for Com­par­at­ive Research in Human cul­ture, 395–408.

- “The Com­munity of Ngangla Trong” in Karma Phunt­sho (ed.), Twi­light of Cul­tures. Tra­di­tion and Change in four Rur­al Com­munit­ies in Bhutan, Thim­phu: Hel­vetas, 13–49.

- ” A cul­tur­al epi­phany. Reli­gious dances of Bhutan and their cos­tumes.”, in The Arts of Bhutan, , vol. 66 n°4, june 2015, 30–39. www.marg-art.org/c/147

sous presse

- “Alli­ances and power in cent­ral Bhutan: a nar­rat­ive of reli­gion, prestige and wealth

(mid 19th cen­tury-mid 20th cen­tury)”, Saul Mul­lard (ed.), The Dragon and the Hid­den Land: Pro­ceed­ings of the Sikkim-Bhutan pan­el at the Twelfth IATS Con­fer­ence. Spe­cial issue ofThe Bul­let­in of Tibet­o­logy: Gang­tok: Namgy­al Insti­tute of Tibetology.

- “Find­ing Yarlung in South-cent­ral Bhutan. Myths, migra­tions and soci­ety: The com­munity of Ngangla Trong in Lower Kheng.” in Sikkim Bhutan Pro­ceed­ings of the IATS 2013, Namgyel Insti­tute of Tibet­o­logy, Gangtok.

- “THE CAKRAVARTIN-KING. A Nar­rat­ive of the Fourth King and the sym­bols of the Bhu­tanese Mon­archy” in Thi­erry Math­ou & Tsh­er­ing Tashi (eds.), Life and reign of the Bod­hisa­t­tva-king, Thim­phu: Bhutan Pub­lish­ing house, Novem­ber 2015.

Empower­ing reli­gious women prac­ti­tion­ers in con­tem­por­ary Bhutan” in N. Schneider and Mona Schr­em­pf (eds) ‘Autonom­ous’ female reli­gious spe­cial­ists, RET 2016 “Cul­tur­al land­scapes in Bhutan. An evid­ence and a chal­lenge” in Amita Sinha & Kapila D. silva (eds) Land­scapes of South Asia: Stud­ies in Her­it­age Con­ser­va­tion and Man­age­ment, Abing­don: Taylor & Francis/routledge, 2016.